This is an Alternative approach to Gilf Kebir, A trip for 16 days from a different prospect to Gilf, where you visit some of the most spectacular spots on the way, places like the recently discovered Djederfre Water Mountain, Baz crater, Bagnold's stone circle, the mud pan and finally the green vally (Wadi Ard Al Akhdar). Its the time to discover these wonders of the Egyptian western desert. An full adventure specially for those who loves The Gilf Kebir however this time we will be taking a different route with a magnificent new places.
Route & Program
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Arrival to Cairo
Cairo The White Desert
The White Desert The Water Mountain
The Water Mountain Abu Ballas
Abu Ballas Baz Crater
Baz Crater Bagnold's Stone Circle - Gilf Kebir
Gilf Kebir Mistikawy Cave
Mistikawy Cave Wadi Sura Aqaba Pass
Aqaba Pass East of Gilf Kebir
East of Gilf Kebir Wadi Ard Al Akhdar
Wadi Ard Al Akhdar Mud Pan
Mud Pan South of Dakhla Oasis
South of Dakhla Oasis Dakhla Oasis
Dakhla Oasis Bahariyah Oasis
Route & Program
For more details and information contact us on: firstname.lastname@example.org
Day 1: Arrival to Cairo
Day 2: Cairo The White Desert
Day 3: The White Desert The Water Mountain
Day 4: The Water Mountain Abu Ballas
Day 5: Abu Ballas Baz Crater
Day 6: Baz Crater Bagnold's Stone Circle - Gilf Kebir
Day 7: Gilf Kebir Mistikawy Cave
Day 8: Mistikawy Cave Wadi Sura Aqaba Pass
Day 9: Aqaba Pass East of Gilf Kebir
Day 10: East of Gilf Kebir Wadi Ard Al Akhdar
Day 11: Wadi Ard Al Akhdar Mud Pan
Day 12: Mud Pan South of Dakhla Oasis
Day 13: South of Dakhla Oasis Dakhla Oasis
Day 14: Dakhla Oasis Bahariyah Oasis
Day 15: Bahariyah Cairo
Day 16: Departure
v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2">The White Desert: The Dazzling white of the chalky calcic formations are the remains of a limestone massif from the Cretaceous era, shaped out into the strangest sculptures by the ever wailing sharp wind armed at all times with strongly effective sand particles. This unique desert has no parallel in the whole world.
Abu Ballas: Pottery Hill known as Abu Ballas in Arabic used to be a reliable source for providing water to the oasis invaders or convoys heading to the oasis in the ancient times as when the early explorers visited the site, there were about 300 complete pots and amphorae at the depot, though most were broken or had man-made holes in them supporting the theory that this was the water cache referred to by the Dakhla natives, which they destroyed when pursuing the "black raiders" a few years before Rohlfs recorded the story in 1874. The existence of this depot one third of the way to Kufra led Almasy to speculate that there had to be another depot or well two thirds of the way, most probably the unknown Zarzora oasis. Unfortunately by now all the complete pots have been taken or broken, and all that remains at the site is a pile of broken shards at the foot of the hill.
Gilf Kebir: Is a plateau in the remote southwest corner of Egypt. Its name translates as "the Great Barrier". This 7770-square-kilometre limestone and sandstone plateau roughly the size of Switzerland rises 300m from the desert floor. It is known for its rugged beauty, remoteness, geological interest, and the dramatic cliff paintings and rock carvings which depict an era of abundant animal life and human habitation.
Mestikawy Cave: A newly discovered cave by Colonel El-Mestikawy on the southwestern cliffs of the Gilf Kebir plateau. Showing rock drawings of wide diversity and overlooking dry remains of an ancient lake basin with prehistoric tools.
Al-Baz Crater: 150km southeast of the silica glass region (the crater is named after its Egyptian-American discoverer, Farouk al-Baz, a pioneer in using satellites to search for water in arid areas).
DJEDEFRE`S WATER-MOUNTAIN: Discovered by German explorer Carlo Bergman during his camel expeditions west of Dakhla oasis; he found a pharonic trail which was used in the 4th dynasty times to search for mineral resources. He also found a a conical hill about 30 metres high and 60 metres in length with hieroglyphic texts, cartouches of Chufu (Cheops) and of his son Djedefre , Hieroglyphic texts at "Djedefre water-mountain" which explains the purpose of several 4th dynasty expeditions to the far away site. Two of the excursions took place during the 25th and 27th of King Cheops Reign. His followers had come to the hill in order to quarry pigments.
"In a small basin in the hills we came the next day (27th October,
1930) upon a circle 27 feet (8.5 metres) in diameter of thin slabs
of sandstone, 18 to 24 inches high. Half were lying prone, but the
rest were still vertical in the sand. There was no doorway or other
sign of orientation, and though we searched within and without the
circle, no implements could be found. I understand that other
similar circles have been found in the neighborhood of the Gilf
Kebir." Major R.A.Bagnold, Journeys in the Libyan Desert 1929 and
Wadi Ard al Akhdar: The lower reaches of Wadi Ard al Akhdar were entered by Shaw in 1935, but it was Bagnold and company who explored it's long winding upper reaches. In a side branch they have come upon a narrow passage that was blocked by a large transverse dune in neolithic times, and a substantial lake filled the broad basin behind. At some time the sand dam had been breached and washed away, only some cemented remnants can be seen along the south side of the narrows, opposite the much smaller modern dune growing in the same place. Subsequently the mud floor of the lake has been much eroded, leaving free standing mud pillars and terraces littering the basin floor. Oliver Myers, the archaeologist of the Bagnold expedition made an initial survey, and found numerous neolithic settlement sites on the top of the mud terraces. He only took a few samples though, and no systematic exploration was made.
Reference: British Egypt maps Scale 1:5000000 year 1942
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